A Routledge Journal: Entrepreneurship & Regional Development - Instructions for Authors 
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Instructions for Authors:

***Note to Authors: please make sure your contact address information is clearly visible on the outside of all packages you are sending to Editors.***

General guidelines

Entrepreneurship & Regional Development is unique in that it addresses the central factors in economic development - entrepreneurial vitality and innovation - as local and regional phenomena. It provides a multi-disciplinary forum for researchers and practitioners in the field of entrepreneurship and small firm development and for those studying and developing the local and regional context in which entrepreneurs emerge, innovate and establish the new economic activities which drive economic growth and create new economic wealth and employment. The journal focuses on the diverse and complex characteristics of local and regional economies which lead to entrepreneurial vitality and endow the large and small firms within them with international competitiveness.

Papers for consideration should be sent to the Editor, at the editorial office, address given below.
Please send an original and three photocopies.


Alistair R. Anderson, The Charles P. Skene Centre for Entrepreneurship, Aberdeen Business School, Robert Gordon University, Garthdee, Aberdeen AB10 7QE, UK. E-mail: a.r.anderson@rgu.ac.uk

Founding Editor:

G.P. Sweeney, SICA Innovation Consultants Ltd, 1 Dun Emer Park, Dublin 16, Ireland

Associate Editor:

Edward J. Malecki, Center for Urban & Regional Analysis, Department of Geography, The Ohio State University, 1036 Derby Hall, 154 North Oval Mall, Columbus, Ohio 432109-1361, USA

Submitting a paper to Entrepreneurship & Regional Development

Please read these Guidelines with care and attention: failure to follow them may result in your paper being delayed. Note especially the referencing conventions used by Entrepreneurship & Regional Development and the requirement for gender-, race-, and creed-inclusive language.

Entrepreneurship & Regional Development considers all manuscripts on condition they are the property (copyright) of the submitting author(s) and that copyright will be transferred to Entrepreneurship & Regional Development and Taylor & Francis Ltd if the paper is accepted.

Entrepreneurship & Regional Development considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that they have been submitted only to Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, that they have not been published already, nor are they under consideration for publication, nor in press elsewhere. Authors who fail to adhere to this condition will be charged all costs which Entrepreneurship & Regional Development incurs, and their papers will not be published.

· Please write clearly and concisely, stating your objectives clearly and defining your terms. Your arguments should be substantiated with well reasoned supporting evidence.

  • In writing your paper, you are encouraged to review articles in the area you are addressing which have been previously published in the journal, and where you feel appropriate, to reference them. This will enhance context, coherence, and continuity for our readers.

· Manuscripts should be printed on one single side of A4 or 8 x 11 inch white good quality paper, double-spaced throughout, including the reference section.

  • Manuscripts should be compiled in the following order; title page; abstract; main text; acknowledgements; notes; references; table with captions (on individual sheets); figure captions (as a list).

· Abstracts are required for all papers submitted and should precede the text of a paper.

· Authors should include telephone and fax numbers as well as e-mail addresses on the cover page of manuscripts.

· Bionotes should be contained on a separate sheet and be located at the beginning of a paper.

· Accepted manuscripts in their final, revised versions, should also be submitted as electronic word processing files on disk; see ‘Disk submission’ below.


Structured abstracts are required for all papers, and should be submitted as detailed below, following the title and author’s name and address, preceding the main text.

For papers reporting original research, state the primary objective and any hypothesis tested; describe the research design and your reasons for adopting that methodology; state the methods and procedures employed, including where appropriate tools, hardware, software, the selection and number of study areas/subjects, and the central experimental interventions; state the main outcomes and results, including relevant data; and state the conclusions that might be drawn from these data and results, including their implications for further research or application/practice.

For review essays, state the primary objective of the review; the reasoning behind your literature selection; and the way you critically analyse the literature; state the main outcomes and results of your review; and state the conclusions that might be drawn, including their implications for further research or application/practice.

Abstracts should not exceed 200 words.

Copyright permission

Contributors are required to secure permission for the reproduction of any figure, table, or extensive (more than fifty word) extract from the text, from a source which is copyrighted - or owned - by a party other than Taylor & Francis or the contributor.

This applies both to direct reproduction or ‘derivative reproduction’ - when the contributor has created a new figure or table which derives substantially from a copyrighted source.

The following form of words can be used in seeking permission:


I/we are preparing for publication an article entitled


to be published by Taylor & Francis Ltd in Entrepreneurship & Regional Development.

I/we should be grateful if you would grant us permission to include the following materials:


We are requesting non-exclusive rights in this edition and in all forms. It is understood, of course, that full acknowledgement will be given to the source.

Your prompt consideration of this request would be greatly appreciated.

Yours faithfully


It is a condition of publication that authors assign copyright or licence the publication rights in their articles, including abstracts, to Taylor & Francis. This enables us to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the article, and of course the Journal, to the widest possible readership in print and electronic formats as appropriate. Authors retain many rights under the Taylor & Francis rights policies, which can be found at www.informaworld.com/authors_journals_copyright_position. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources.

* Formatting guide
* Reference style information: style, quickref

Please use British (Oxford Dictionary) spelling (e.g. colour, organize) and punctuation. Use single quotation marks with double within if needed.
A Word template is available for this journal.
If you have any questions about references or formatting your article, please contact authorqueries@tandf.co.uk

Notes on tables and figures

Artwork submitted for publication will not be returned and will be destroyed after publication, unless you request otherwise. Whilst every care is taken of artwork, neither the Editor nor Taylor & Francis shall bear any responsibility or liability for non-return, loss, or damage of artwork, nor for any associated costs or compensation. You are strongly advised to insure appropriately.

1. Tables and figures should be referred to in text as follows: Figure 1, Table 1, 'As seen in Table [or Figure] 1 ...’ (not Tab., fig. or Fig).

2. The place at which a table or figure is to be inserted in the printed text should be indicated clearly on a manuscript:

Insert table 2 about here


3. Each table and/or figure must have a title that explains its purpose without reference to the text.

4. All figures and tables must be on separate sheets and not embedded in the text.

Thus tables and figures must be referred to in the text and numbered in order of appearance. Each table should have a descriptive title and each column an appropriate heading. For all figures, original copies of figures should be supplied. All figures should allow for reduction to column width (7.5cm) or page width (16 cm). Photographs may be sent as glossy prints or negatives. The legends to any illustrations must be typed separately following the text and should be grouped together.


Special care should be taken with mathematical scripts, especially subscripts and superscripts and differentiation between the letter 'ell' and the figure one, and the letter 'oh 'and the figure zero. If your keyboard does not have the characters you need, it is preferable to use longhand, in which case it is important to differentiate between capital and small letters, K, k and x and other similar groups of letters. Special symbols should be highlighted in the text and explained in the margin. In some cases it is helpful to supply annotated lists of symbols for the guidance of the sub-editor and the typesetter, and/or a ‘Nomenclature’ section preceding the ‘Introduction’.

For simple fractions in the text, the solidus / should be used instead of a horizontal line, care being taken to insert parentheses where necessary to avoid ambiguity, for example, I /(n-1). Exceptions are the proper fractions available as single type on a keyboard.

Full formulae or equations should be displayed, that is, written on a separate line. Horizontal lines are preferable to solidi.

The solidus is not generally used for units: ms - 1 not m/s, but note electrons/s, counts/channel, etc.

Displayed equations referred to in the text should be numbered serially (1, 2, etc.) on the right hand side of the page. Short expressions not referred to by any number will usually be incorporated in the text.

Symbols should not be underlined to indicate fonts except for tensors, vectors and matrices, which are indicated with a wavy line in the manuscript (not with a straight arrow or arrow above) and rendered in heavy type in print: upright sans serif r (tensor), sloping serif r (vector) upright serif r (matrix).

Typographical requirements must be clearly indicated at their first occurrence, e.g. Greek, Roman, script, sans serif, bold, italic. Authors will be charged for corrections at proof stage resulting from a failure to do so.

Braces, brackets and parentheses are used in the order {[( )]}, except where mathematical convention dictates otherwise (i.e. square brackets for commutators and anticommutators)


Any acknowledgements authors wish to make should be included in a separate headed section at the end of the manuscript. Please do not incorporate these into the bionote or notes.

Free article access:

Corresponding authors will receive free online access to their article through our website (www.informaworld.com) and a complimentary copy of the issue containing their article. Reprints of articles published in this journal can be purchased through Rightslink® when proofs are received. If you have any queries, please contact our reprints department at reprints@tandf.co.uk

Electronic Processing

We strongly encourage you to send us the final, revised version of your article in both hard (paper) and electronic (disk) forms. This Guide sets out the procedures which will assure we can process your article efficiently. It is divided into three sections:

  1. a guide for authors using standard word-processing software packages

  2. a guide for authors using LaTeX mathematical software packages

  3. a guide for authors using graphics software packages

There are some general rules which apply to all three options.

  • these guides do not apply to authors who are submitting an article for consideration and peer review; they apply only to authors whose articles have been reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication

  • print out your hard (paper) copy from the disk you are sending; it is essential that the hard-copy printout is identical to the material on the disk; where versions differ, the hard copy will take precedence. We advise that you maintain back-ups of your files

  • save and send your files on a standard 3.5 inch high density disk (Mac or PC); please do not attempt to send the article via file transfer protocol or email

  • when saving your article onto a disk, please make sure that the files do not exceed a manageable size. Please ensure that figures are saved on a separate disk

  • ensure that the files are not saved as read only

  • virus-check your disk before sending it to the Editor

  • label your disk

  • package disks in such a way as to avoid damage in the post


  • disks are not returnable after publication

If you are not sure about the usability of your disk, contact Adèle Sharples, Editorial Manager Journals, Taylor & Francis, 1 Gunpowder Square, London EC4A 3DE, UK, adele.sharples@tandf.co.uk

1. A guide for authors using standard word-processing software packages

For the main text of your article, most standard PC or Mac word-processing software packages are acceptable, although we prefer Microsoft Word in a PC format.

Word-processed files should be prepared according to the journal style.

Avoid the use of embedded footnotes. For numbered tables, use the table function provided with the word-processing package.

All text should be saved in one file with the complete text (including the title page, abstract, all sections of the body of the paper, references), followed by numbered tables and the figure captions.

You should send the following to the Editor:

  • a 3.5-inch disk containing the final, accepted version of the paper

  • include an ASCII/text only version on the disk as well as the word processed version if possible

  • two hard copy printouts

Disks should be clearly labelled with the following information:

1. Journal title

2. Name of author

3. File names contained on disk

4. Hardware used (PC or Mac)

5. Software used (name and version)

Sample disk label: text

Journal title
A.N. Author
MS Word for Windows 7.0

2. A guide for authors using LaTeX mathematical software packages

Authors who wish to prepare their articles using the LaTeX document preparation system are advised to use article.sty (for LaTex 2.09) or article.cls (for LaTex2e).

The use of macros should be kept to an absolute minimum but if any are used they should be gathered together in the file, just before the \begin{document} command

You should send the following to the Editor:

  • a 3.5-inch disk containing the final, accepted version of the paper

  • the files you send must be text-only (often called an ASCII file), with no system-dependent control codes

  • two hard copy printouts

Disks should be clearly labelled with the following information:

1. Journal title

2. Name of author

3. File names contained on disk

4. Hardware used (PC or Mac)

5. Software used (name and version)

Sample disk label: LaTeX

Journal title
A.N. Author
article.tex article.sty
PCLaTeX v2.09

3. A guide for authors using graphics software packages

We welcome figures on disk, but care and attention to these guidelines is essential, as importing graphics packages can often be problematic.

  1. Figures must be saved on a separate disk from the text.
  2. Avoid the use of colour and tints for aesthetic reasons. Figures should be produced as near to the finished size as possible.

  3. High quality reproducible hard copy for all line figures (printed out from your electronic files at a minimum of 600 dpi) must be supplied in case the disks are unusable; photographs and transparencies can be accepted as hard copy only. Photocopies will not be accepted.

  4. All figures must be numbered in the order in which they occur (e.g. figure 1, figure 2 etc.). In multi-part figures, each part should be labelled (e.g. figure 1 (a), figure 1 (b) etc.)
  5. The figure captions must be saved as a separate file with the text and numbered correspondingly.
  6. The filename for the graphic should be descriptive of the graphic e.g. Figure1, Figure2a.
  7. Files should be saved as TIFF (tagged image file format), PostScript or EPS (encapsulated PostScript), containing all the necessary font information and the source file of the application (e.g., CorelDraw/Mac, CorelDraw/PC).

Disks should be clearly labelled with the following information:

1. Journal title

2. Name of author

3. Figures contained on disk

4. Hardware used (PC or Mac)

5. Software used (name and version)

Sample disk label: figures

Journal title
A.N. Author
Figures 1-10
Adobe Illustrator 5.5
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